On this page I will give you some advise before you are going to travel. Read this page for advises on how to get cheap airline tickets, hotel, hostels, rent a car and so on. When I travel I have some precautions I will dispense to you on this page. It's better to be safe than sorry, right? The most important word when you are going on a holiday is planning. By planning you may avoid lots of problems. If you read travel books and online information before you travel you have a better chance to know what to see, when to see it (and what time of year not to see it) and so on. I prefer using Wikipedia and Wikitravel to get information online. Think twice before you buy souvenirs. Souvenirs may look nice on a holiday may be equivalent to garbage when you get home.
Store important information online
When you get confirmation on bookings and reservations store this at Google Docs or similar places. By storing this information online you have a backup in case your bag with important papers, memory stick, phone, laptop or similar is stolen or lost. Make a document where you store passport number, card numbers, important phone numbers etc and store this online as well. By storing important information online you have an extra point of security if anything should happen. (In most cases everything works out perfectly but it never hurts to have a backup in case something does happen). Store phone numbers to the embassy of your country, bank (in case you loose your cards and so on) and phone number to the company that issues your travel insurance (might come handy if something happens).
Passport, visa and other documents
Certain countries require that your passport is valid six months after you have planned to depart. If you try to enter a country with this rule you may not me allowed to enter the country at all. To avoid potential problems check when your passport expires in advance and get a new passport before you travel. To Norwegian citizens (and some other countries I guess) passport is the only valid id-card they may use abroad. There are some rules for Norwegians travelling inside the European Union but as a main rule you should always bring your passport. As from 2015 a new credit card-sized id-card will be awailable for Norwegians which you may use within the Schengen area. Note that this id-card is already in use in several European states.
Remember to get a travel insurance that covers as much as possible. In Norway Europeiske reiseforsikring is looked upon as one of the best insurance companies when it comes to travel insurance. Be aware that most travel insurances are limited to travels that lasts 45 days or less. If you have planned to travel longer than this you need aditional insurance.
If you have residence in the European Union or a country that is member of the European Economic Area you are entitled to have a European Health Insurance Card which is issued by the country you live in. This card entitles you to health services for your home countrys account within Europe. The European Health Insurance Card covers medical expenses and you should have the travel insurance to cover anything unexpected that may occur. You should have travel insurance in adition to the European Health Insurance Card.
Read information about the places you are visiting
When it comes to travel books I prefer books from Cadogan guides, Rough Guide and Footproint travel guides. I like these books because thir description of places is similar to how I experience them. I bought two books from Lonely Planet and sold them weeks after because I didn'nt like them. In 2008 I bought the book Official International Youth Hostel Guide 2008. It has a complete overview of all hostels connected to the International Youth Hostel Federation. It does not contain ratings and prices like hostelworld.com does but it is still a useful book. In addition to books I use Wikipedia and Wikitravel.org to read about the places I am travelling to.
Laws and culture
Remember to respect the customs and laws in the country you are visiting. Things you are used to do back home may be illegal or people may be offended by the way you behave. Ie. in muslim countries one of the worst thing you can do is to touch someone with your left hand or show them your shoe sole. Some places you may get arrested for showing affection in public.
If you get caught doing something illegal you may find yourself all alone and an embassy unwilling to help because you should know what you did is illegal. Read this and this article in Aftenposten about the subject.
Where am I going to sleep?
To most people the choice is either to sleep in a hotel or in a hostel. If you travel alone I recommend you to sleep in a hostel. I have met people travelling alone who slept in hotels. They have described their nights in hotels as their most lonely days ever on holidays. Staying in a hostel you will meet a lot of interesting people from all over the globe. The comfort is better in hotels and you will get more privacy but it is very likely you will feel lonely if you are travelling alone. During my travel in Spain in 2008 I had only booked two nights in Valencia. Before I went to bed the second night I tried to book one more night but because of a concert that night everything was full. I simply had to get out of town the next day. I travelled to Madrid where I had a nice stay. To avoid incidents like mine you should book a few days ahead to be sure you have somewhere to sleep. Book three days in advance and you should be fine in most cases. Be aware that if you are going somewhere and there is a big social event, such as a soccer game, bank holidays, it may be more difficult to book places in short notice.
Use internet to book hostels (hostelworld.com is the biggest site for booking hostels) or hotels (booking.com or hotels.com are the largest sites for booking hotels). Booking on the internet you may compare prizes and view feedback from other guests. Online booking sites sends you writen confirmation as documentation. I always prefer to have written confirmation on the places I am booking. ebookers.com is a great all-in-one-site for booking cars, hotels etc on the same place. Another great site for online booking of apartments, rooms at peoples places etc is Airbnb.com.
Phone and internet
If you are staying for long in a country I advise you to get a telephone card. Normally this is a much cheaper option than using your cell phone. The telephone operator I am using offer the possibility to send SMS and MMS from their webpage for free. If you have a laptop, smartphone and tablet you may also consither using Skype or similar programs. Most hostels and hotels have internet available for their guests where you may send email, use Facebook and other online facilities. Buying a multi-purpose battery pack enables you to charge your camera, telephone or tablet anywhere. GP GL-301 is a powerfull battery pack.
I advise you to purchase a money belt where you keep a backup-card (Visa, Mastercard etc), money and other things you don't have to keep in your pockets. Have nothing more than a daily consumption of money in your pockets. By doing this you dont loose all your money if you are beeing robbed. By storing money in your money belt you may have some backup in case something happens.
Personally I prefer using a rucksack while travelling abroad because it makes me more mobile. If you use a wheeled bag or suitcase its harder to drag your luggage along. If you are traveling from city to city a rucksack with a 40 liter capacity could be sufficient. In most big cities it it's quite easy to find somewhere to do your laundry. The disadvantage of traveling with a rucksack that small is the lack of space if you have planned to do alot of shopping. If you have planned to travel in more remote places a larger rucksack is recommended - 80 litres or more. If you are going to use a rucksack I recommend you to use a safety net. The safety net is available in several sizes. Using one of these you are sure that no one will slash open your rucksack to steal things. Because of it's construction you may lock your rucksack to i.e. a pole or your bed. Using this while sleeping at a hostel you are guaranteed that no one will steal your rucksack (or something from it) during the daytime while you are out or while sleeping.
Buy everything you need in advance. Nomaden is a great place to check out to buy stuff you need. That place has a huge section of map in addition to a huge section of books and other equipment. The advantage of buyinig stuff at a place like this that everything is compact and does not use unnecessary space in your rucksack (or suitcase). On their homepage Nomaden has lists of what you should pack wherever you are going to travel. Spend a few days to pack. By doing this the chance is bigger that you don't forget anything. If you are unsure on what kind of power adapter you need in the country you travel to check this page.
Water and food
If you are going to drink tap water I recommend you to buy a water filter or water treatment tablets. Water is quite cheap in the supermarket and a good alternative to tap water which in some countries may give you problems.
Normally you don't encounter any problems eating foreign food. If you are travelling to another part of the planet be sure to eat food that is properly cooked to avoid any problems. Remember that some countries have restrictions what food you may bring in to the country. In case you get food poisened you should bring Imodium.
Dictionaries and language barriers
If you are not fluent in the language they are talking where you are planning to spend your holiday I advise you to buy a dictionary. You will be surprised how poorly people speak i.e English in places you would expect them to be good. If you are fluent in English, French, Spanish and Portuguese you are likely to get along fine most places though. Dictionaries come in most sizes, analog as well as digital. It is possible to install dictionaries on your most telephones. Both Google play and Apple App store have plenty of offline dictionaries. Search for "<laguage> offline dictionary".
If you are planning to attend to a guided tour you got three options. You may either (mis)use some locals you know, you may use a bus-sightseeing or you could attend a walking tour. Cycling tour is an alternative to walking tour in my opinion. A fifth alternative is to walk around by yourself but doing this you may miss the nice spots. (Most people working at hotels or hostels are likely to show on a map what to see though). Use one of the other options first and then walk around by yourself and explore the places you want to explore more by yourself. The tickets you get on a bus-sightseeing normally lasts for 24 hours and let you hop on and off at any location along the route. Personally I prefer the walking tours because it lets you get close and personal with the cities you visit. In addition to this the guides often tell you things no one else have told you. SANDEMANs NEW Europe Tours offer free tours in several cities in Europe and is highly recommended.
Instead of using ordinary (analog) maps you could install maps on your phone or tablet. Google maps is available for Mac, Microsoft Wndows, Android and iOS. The disadvantage is that this program download maps whenever needed which may be costy while roaming. Cheaper alternatives are offline maps. If you search App Store, Windows Store or Google play for ie "offline map <cityname> " you may get maps that's possible to download to your cellphone of tablet. These maps are downloaded into your tablet or phone and doess'nt cost anything to use. They show exactly where you are (handy if you get lost) and sisplays retsurants, museums etc nearby.
If you use medicine bring it in its original packaging. Other vice you may find yourself some trouble in the customs. If the medicine contain something that may be illegal in the country you are visiting bring a letter from your doctor to avoid any problems. The Norwegian medicine authority have written a good article about bringing medicine abroad.
As a general rule you need a Visa visiting another country. You should check what kind of visa you need to avoid surprises at the border. There are several types of visas which you may read about here. Most visas is issued to specific passport numbers. If you get a new passport with a new passport number after you have received a visa you may have to apply for vica once more.
Here is a couple of lists that may become handy on your travels.
First aid kit
Here is a list of a suggestion what to have in a first aid kit.
Here is a list of a suggestion what to have in a survivor kit.